The U.S. Census Bureau describes Hispanic or Latino as an ethnicity and not as a race. “A person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.”

However, in Latin America nobody is called a Hispanic; they are known as Mexicans, Guatemalans, Salvadorans, according to the country they were born.

U.S. Hispanic Population 2010

From 2000 to 2010 the Hispanic population in the U.S. grew by 43 percent while the White population grew only 1.2 percent.

As of 2013, there were an estimated 54 million Hispanics in the United States making it the largest minority. Only Mexico has a larger Hispanic population.

Two-thirds of the Hispanic people in the United States are of Mexican background, according to 2013 Census estimates.

California is the state with the largest Hispanic population by 2013 Census estimates with 14.7 million. But New Mexico has the highest Hispanic percentage of the state population at 47.3 percent. Other states with large Hispanic populations are Arizona, 30.3%; California, 38.4%; New Mexico, 47.3%; and Texas, 38.4.

As of 2013 Spanish is the language most used in the United States after English.